Kapiti Plains Estate was purchased by the International Laboratory for Research on Animal Diseases (ILRAD) and now International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) in December 1981. The ranch is located at Latitude -1.6, Longitude 37.1, and lies between 1646 to 1911 meters above sea level. Vegetation on the ranch is mainly wooded grassland, is part of the Athi plains ecosystem.
The ranch borders Machakos Ranch, Game Ranching, and The Nairobi-Mombasa road to the East, Konza Techno City to the south, Lisa Farm and New Astra ranch to the West (Figure 1). In addition to a largely woodland habitat and acacia scrap on Wami and its lower slopes, Kapiti is made up of extensive open grassland, forming a portion of the original and well known - Athi plains ecosystem. Kapiti has a particularly large number of wild animals – predators include lion, cheetah, jackal, hyena and leopard. Game animals include - Harte beast, Thomson’s and Grants gazelle, Impala, Wildebeest, Zebra, Ostrich, Eland, Giraffe which are all easily visible on a drive around the ranch. Other species such as Duiker, bush pig, warthog, Dik-Dik and other lesser mammals are also found.
The ranch keeps two main livestock species:

1. Kapiti Sheep

2. Kapiti Cattle

Animal performance data is collected using ODK and stored in a server based MISTRO database.

Information on Kapiti Ranch
33,800 acres
5,400 – 6,200 ft above the sea level.
Black-cotton, volcanic ash covering and red sandy soil
Bimodal short rains season i.e. around April and also in November.

Figure 1: Map showing location of Kapiti Estate and neighbouring ranches